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Static stretching has been used throughout the years for two main reasons: injury prevention and performance enhancement.

Static stretches are performed with a prolonged hold and are used to increase the length of soft tissue and the flexibility of a specific muscle.
Recent research has found that static stretches have a neuromuscular effect on the muscle’s performance and may decrease strength in the stretched muscle group for up to one hour.

Dynamic stretching, on the other hand, is active stretching, executed through controlled movements. It is not bouncing or ballistic stretching.
Dynamic stretching consists of functional based exercises which use sport specific movements to prepare the body for movement. 
That being said, research, sports professional & trainers have migrated, finding dynamic stretches the most appropriate exercises for warming up. In contrast, static stretches are more appropriate for the cool down period at the end of the session.

Jonathan NicolasComment